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Can Clomid Combat Male Infertility?

Important Questions to discuss in this text:

  • What is Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate)?
  • Why And When It Can Be Prescribed By Doctors?
  • Can It Work For Male Infertility?
  • What Are The Side Effects Of Clomid?
  • Are There Other Male Fertility Treatments?
  • In Conclusion

As it is known the former name of the product clomiphene citrate is – Clomid, which is globally used by doctors for treating female infertility. But did you know that infertility might affect all genders. 

What is Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate)?

Clomid is the former brand name of the drug Clomiphene Citrate, which doctors use to treat infertility in females. Sometimes, however, they may also prescribe it off-label for males with infertility.

There are few aspects that cause infertility. According to the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, which is a very trusted source, those aspects are:

  1. One-third of the time it is male reproductive problems.
  2. One-third – female reproductive issues.
  3. And the last third is caused by both, male and female health issues with reproductive system.

A couple is considered infertile if during 1 year of unprotected sexual relationships they did not achieve pregnancy positive test. This article is written to let you understand what is Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate), is it prescribed and works for male infertility as a working treatment?

Why And When It Can Be Prescribed By Doctors?

There are cases, when Clomid is prescribed as a treatment of male infertility. Although it is a type of ovary stimulant and estrogen for women, who have difficulty conceiving, it also works to stimulate fertility of men and doctors can prescribe it off-label.

What does “off-label” means? It means that FDA did not approved this kind of use of this drug yet.

What Are The Side Effects Of Clomid?

There was a medical review in 2015 with mixed results from many different clinical studies, that were checking the effectiveness of taking Clomid for common male infertility. Those testing show that this drug is really affecting in a good way, improving the motility of sperm for some men.

Motility shows how fast spermatozoid is moving the female reproductive system to fertilize an egg in the end. But, there is always a “but”. Using Clomid without any medical recommendations and prescriptions for dosage counted especially for your specific medical history – might cause problems, like reduction of total sperm counts in some cases.

Can It Work For Male Infertility?

In the case of male infertility sometimes the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is low, while Clomid can help to increase those indicators, since these hormones are working for all genders and are important for fertility.

“LH encourages the release of testosterone in males. FSH is important in the first stage of sperm production, or spermatogenesis.”

When the level of LH and FSH is in a good balance it will lead to the testosterone increase and as a result – the body will create more sperm. All of this sounds good, however please note that there are not enough of research to understand if this kind of hormone interactions has direct impact on male reproductive system.

All the known studies are suggesting this dosage: anywhere between 12.5 and 400 milligrams (mg) per day. Some studies show that an optimal daily dosage of 50 mg can improve fertility.

And remember, until now, there is no precise length of time for how long one should take Clomid.

What Are The Side Effects Of Clomid?

Note that it is very important that your doctor explain that neither the safety nor the effectiveness of Clomiphene Citrate is fully studied and known, as a cialis just to be sure that you understand all the potential risks.

Here are all the side effects of Clomid that can appear in some cases:

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Discomfort in stomach
  • Headache
  • Vision problems (cataracts)
  • Growth of breast

If any of these side effects are detected, please stop taking this drug and seek for medical advice immediately. The doctor might advise you to stop, or lower the dosage.

Are There Other Male Fertility Treatments?

Some people believe that Clomid helps to increase energy, or improve mood, besides the visual effects of better fertility. But are there any other options to treat reproductive system problems? Yes, there are some.

Depending on the underlying cause, but it might include surgery and medications. The successful treatments will finally help a person conceive naturally.

Male infertility Cause Medication
Hyperprolactinemia: body produces too much of a hormone prolactin Dopamine agonists such as bromocriptine
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: when the testicles do not produce testosterone Testosterone replacement, or medications containing gonadotropin-releasing hormone
High levels of reactive oxygen species molecules in the sperm Vitamin E and selenium supplements
Retrograde ejaculation, semen flows backward into the bladder Initial treatment with over-the-counter decongestant medications, such as pseudoephedrine

These are cases when surgery is recommended:

Male infertility Cause Surgery
Swollen veins in the testicles (Varioceles) Minor surgery to block blood flow to the vein
Azoospermia: too little sperm in the semen Recommended surgical sperm retrieval, using a small needle to collect sperm from the testicle for use in vitro fertility treatments
Ejaculatory duct blockage, which prevents sperm ejaculation A surgeon in the duct to unblock it

Unfortunately, all the causes of infertility are not always clear, this means that surgery or drugs might not work for treatment and be effective.

If so, don’t be upset, because doctors can advise assisted reproductive technology, which gives almost 90% of successful pregnancy and healthy kids. 

Common examples of assisted reproductive technology:

  1. Intrauterine insemination, which involves taking sperm and placing it into a female’s uterus to fertilize an egg directly.
  2. In Vitro. This involves a healthcare provider bringing sperm and egg together in a laboratory, growing an embryo and then placing it into a woman’s uterus.
  3. Intracytoplasmic injection of sperm. This involves injecting an egg with a single sperm to grow an embryo and then placing it into a woman’s uterus.

In Conclusion

Clomid (Clomiphene citrate) is effective drug to treat infertility of all gender. Remember that FDA did not yet approve the effectiveness to cure male infertility problems, but sometimes might be prescribed off-label. 

Although scientists still need to carry out more studies to understand how taking Clomid affects male hormones and fertility, it is now widely prescribed by doctors.

The event is finished.